In what was regarded as a landmark legal case a heating engineer won a claim against Pimlico Plumbers, establishing that he is not self-employed but a worker. Worker status means entitlement to the National Minimum Wage, holiday pay and protection from discrimination.
Gary Smith brought the case to court after he claimed he was dismissed following a request to work fewer days. Smith worked for Pimlico Plumbers for six years until 2011 when he suffered a heart attack. He said his request to work a three-day week was rejected, after which his Pimlico Plumbers van was taken away and he was sacked.
A judge at the employment tribunal seven years ago said the firm had imposed restrictions on the work Smith could do, meaning he is a worker. In June 2018 five Supreme Court judges agreed with the decision and ruled against Pimlico Plumbers' appeal, saying that there were features of the contract that meant Smith was not self-employed.
Businesses to justify executive pay
Business secretary Greg Clark announced that companies with more than 250 employees will be required to disclose the pay gap between chief executives and other staff.
The move was welcomed by equal pay campaigners and investor groups. The plans follow concerns that some chief executives have been receiving salaries that do not reflect company performance. Shareholders and campaigners have also argued that executive pay awards have become excessive.
Research from the CIPD showed that the average FTSE 100 CEO received an annual pay packet of £4.5 million in 2017, and that 595 companies cited executive pay as an issue.
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