The number of sex discrimination claims brought against employers by individuals has risen by 69% in the past year, according to law firm GQ|Littler.
The number of claims reached 9,340 cases in 2018/19, up from 5,520 in 2017/18. This is the highest level of sex discrimination claims since 2013/14 when 13,720 claims were brought.
The number of workplace-related sex discrimination claims has risen almost three times faster than growth in overall claims brought to employment tribunal. Overall claims rose 27% to 35,430 in 2018/19, up from 27,920 the year before.
More women are likely to have come forward about sex discrimination since the #MeToo movement, which has encouraged more women to report their experiences, the research stated. A string of high-profile employers have recently been involved in harassment scandals, including Philip Green, chairman of Arcadia Group, and Ray Kelvin, former Ted Baker CEO.
GQ|Littler's research found that many UK businesses have introduced rules and guidelines that place stricter control on employee behaviour to help reduce instances of harassment. Measures include prohibiting men and women from sharing rental cars alone on business trips, banning staring at colleagues for short periods of time, discouraging hugging, avoiding improper comments about co-workers looking ‘attractive’, and banning or reducing alcohol at work-related events.
However, the research warned that the rise in claims suggests these measures may not be enough. Hannah Mahon, a partner at GQ|Littler, said employers may not be taking the right approach to tackling the problem.
“The increase in sex discrimination claims will raise questions over whether employers are doing enough to stamp out inappropriate behaviour in the workplace,” she said. “It’s clear that more needs to be done to eliminate discrimination."
But employers must be careful not to exclude women through such measures, Mahon added. “However, some rules, such as those that prohibit social interactions between members of the opposite sex, need to be carefully thought through and implemented with care," she said.
"There is a balance to be struck between effective anti-discrimination measures and measures that can marginalise women; for example by excluding them from work-related social activities or making it more difficult for them to receive mentoring.”